Sep 21, 1976

Conformational changes in subfractions of calf thymus histone H1

M J Smerdon, I Isenberg


This paper presents the first study of conformational changes in the subfractions of calf thymus H1. H1 was fractionated by the method of Kincade and Cole (Kincade, J. M., and Cole, R.D. (1966), J. Biol. Chem. 241. 5790) using a very shallow Gdn-HC1 gradient. A possible new H1 subfraction, about 5--8% of the H1, has been found and characterized by amino acid analysis and electrophoresis. The effects of salt concentration and pH on the conformation of each of the four major subfractions have been studied by measuring the fluorescence anisotropy of the tyrosine emission and the circular dichroism (CD) of the peptide bond. Upon the addition of salt to aqueous solutions at neutral pH, all four subfractions show an instantaneous change in fluorescence anisotropy, fluorescence intensity, tyrosine absorbance, and CD. The folding associated with this instantaneous change is highly cooperative, and involves the region of the molecule containing the lone tyrosine, which becomes buried in the folded form. The folding of subfraction 3a is more sensitive to salt than the other major subfractions. Upon folding, approximately 13% of the residues of subfractions 1b and 2 form alpha and beta structure; 3a and 3b have approximately 16% of the re...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Structure of Calf of Leg
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Thymus
Cattle calf (organism)
Bos taurus
Disease of Thymus Gland
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Thymic Tissue
Thymus <angiosperm>
Protein Conformation

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