Mar 30, 2004

Conformational differences among solution structures of the type Ialpha, IIalpha and IIbeta protein kinase A regulatory subunit homodimers: role of the linker regions

Journal of Molecular Biology
Dominico VigilJill Trewhella

Abstract

The regulatory (R) subunits of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A or PKA) are multi-domain proteins responsible for conferring cAMP-dependence and localizing PKA to specific subcellular locations. There are four isoforms of the R subunit in mammals that are similar in molecular mass and domain organization, but clearly serve different biological functions. Although high-resolution structures are available for the cAMP-binding domains and dimerization/docking domains of two isoforms, there are no high-resolution structures of any of the intact R subunit homodimer isoforms. The results of small-angle X-ray scattering studies presented here indicate that the RIalpha, RIIalpha, and RIIbeta homodimers differ markedly in overall shape, despite extensive sequence homology and similar molecular masses. The RIIalpha and RIIbeta homodimers have very extended, rod-like shapes, whereas the RIalpha homodimer likely has a compact Y-shape. Based on a comparison of the R subunit sequences, we predict that the linker regions are the likely cause of these large differences in shape among the isoforms. In addition, we show that cAMP binding does not cause large conformational changes in type Ialpha or IIalpha R subunit homodimers...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Molecular Helix
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase RIIalpha Subunit
MAPK3 wt Allele
Complex (molecular entity)
Plain X-ray
Aggregation
Tertiary Protein Structure
Protein Phosphorylation
Helix (Snails)
Bos taurus

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