DOI: 10.1101/483099Nov 29, 2018Paper

Conformational dynamics of the HIV Vif protein complex

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. Aurelia BallJohn D Gross

Abstract

HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (Vif) is an intrinsically disordered protein responsible for the ubiquitination of the APOBEC3 antiviral proteins. Vif folds when it binds the Cullin-RING E3 ligase CRL5 and the transcription cofactor CBF-β. A five-protein complex containing the substrate receptor (Vif, CBF-β, Elongin-B, Elongin-C) and Cullin5 (CUL5) has a published crystal structure, but dynamics of this VCBC-CUL5 complex have not been characterized. Here, we use Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations and NMR to characterize the dynamics of the VCBC complex with and without CUL5 and APOBEC3 bound. Our simulations show that the VCBC complex undergoes global dynamics involving twisting and clamshell opening of the complex, while VCBC-CUL5 maintains a more static conformation, similar to the crystal structure. This observation from MD is supported by methyl-transverse relaxation optimized spectroscopy (methyl-TROSY) NMR data, which indicates that the entire VCBC complex without CUL5 is dynamic on the μs-ms timescale. Vif binds APOBEC3 to recruit it to the complex, and methyl-TROSY NMR shows that the VCBC complex is more conformationally restricted when bound to APOBEC3F, consistent with our MD simulations. Vif contains a flexible linke...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Spectrum Analysis
Virus
Macromolecular Alteration
Elongin C
elongin
Crystal Structure
CBFB protein, human
Molecular Dynamics
Receptor
Simulation

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