PMID: 1313109Mar 20, 1992

Conformational effects on the activity of drugs. 13. A revision of previously proposed models for the activation of alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
B MacchiaE Martinotti

Abstract

The alpha 1-, alpha 2-, beta 1-, and beta 2-adrenergic properties of the 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)morpholines 3 and 4 (2-DPMs), of the 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-piperidinols 5 and 6 (3-DPPs), and of the trans-2-amino-5,6-dihydroxytetrahydronaphthalen-1-ols 7 and 8 and the trans-2-amino-6,7-dihydroxytetrahydronaphthalen-1-ols 9 and 10 (2-ADTNs) were evaluated in vitro both by radioligand binding assays and by functional tests on isolated preparations and compared with those of norepinephrine (NE, 1) and isoprenaline (ISO, 2). Through a comparison of the stereostructures of the compounds examined with their biopharmacological properties, it was possible to revise previously proposed molecular models for the direct activation of alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors. The revised models (A-C) provided information about the conformational requirements of adrenergic drugs, which substantially fit in with the results of several published studies involving conformationally-restricted adrenoceptor agonists. The different position of the catecholic hydroxyl groups in model B, which refers to the alpha 2 receptors, and in model C, which refers to the beta receptors, confirms the importance of the rotameric position of the aromatic ring of ca...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Brain
Bos indicus
Cavia porcellus
Ligands
Smooth Muscle
Alpha-adrenergic receptor
Beta-adrenergic receptor
Structure-Activity Relationship
Sympathomimetic Effect

Related Feeds

Adrenergic Receptors: Trafficking

Adrenergic receptor trafficking is an active physiological process where adrenergic receptors are relocated from one region of the cell to another or from one type of cell to another. Discover the latest research on adrenergic receptor trafficking here.