PMID: 3009812May 1, 1986

Conformational effects on the activity of drugs. 11. Stereostructural models for the direct activation of the alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
B MacchiaR Ceserani

Abstract

Two kinds of cyclic analogues of norepinephrine (NE, 7) and isoprenaline (ISO, 8), in which the C(1)-C(2) side chain of these amino alcohols is incorporated in its preferred conformation in the ring of the 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-morpholines 9 and 10 (2-DPMs) and in the ring of the 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-piperidinols 11 and 12 (3-DPPs), respectively, were synthesized and assayed for their adrenergic activity on various isolated preparations. The 2-DPMs and the 3-DPPs showed an alpha- and beta-agonist activity comparable to that of NE and ISO and to that of the trans-2-amino-5,6-dihydroxytetrahydronaphthalen-1-ols 13 and 14 (2-ADTNs), which represent another kind of semirigid analogue of NE and ISO. Through a comparison of the stereo structures of the compounds examined and of their pharmacological properties, it was possible to suggest a spatial situation in which the pharmacophoric groups of the adrenergic drugs examined (aryl moiety, amine nitrogen, and alcoholic or ethereal benzylic oxygen) should interact at the receptor site. This spatial situation corresponds to the one found in the preferred conformation of NE and ISO. It was also possible to construct two theoretical three-dimensional molecular models that provide in...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

ADTN, (S)-isomer
Cavia porcellus
Right Atrial Structure
Novodrin
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
Perfusion
Protein Conformation
Alpha-adrenergic receptor
Beta-adrenergic receptor
Molecular Stereochemistry

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