PMID: 6827543Feb 1, 1983

Conformational effects on the activity of drugs. 10. Synthesis, conformation, and pharmacological properties of 1-(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminoethanols and their morpholine analogues

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
E EpifaniL Giovannini

Abstract

In order to obtain a better understanding of the effects that structural parameters have on the changes of adrenergic activity when 1-aryl-2-aminoethanol derivatives are converted into their corresponding 2-arylmorpholine cyclic analogues, we synthesized 1-(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminoethanol derivatives 5-7 and their morpholine analogues 8-10. The preferred conformation of amino alcohols and their cyclic analogues have been determined through an H NMR and IR study. Compounds 5 and 6 showed both alpha-stimulating and alpha-blocking activity on rat vas deferens, the effect depending on the concentration employed; on the same isolated tissue, N-isopropyl derivative 7 and the morpholine analogues 8-10 exhibited only alpha-blocking activity. As for the beta-adrenergic activity, only the open-chain compound 7 possessed a moderate blocking effect on isolated guinea pig atria. The results of this work seem to indicate that the changes of pharmacological activity involved in the transformation of the adrenergic drugs into their morpholine analogues are influenced more by characteristic features of the aromatic moiety than by the ethanolamine or propanolamine structure of the drugs.

Related Concepts

Ethanolamines
Cavia porcellus
Right Atrial Structure
Morpholines
Myocardial Contraction
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Infrared Spectrophotometry
Structure-Activity Relationship
Vas Deferens Structure

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.