Sep 28, 1976

Conformational transitions of monellin, an intensely sweet protein

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
B Jirgensons


Conformational transitions of monellin, an intensely sweet protein from the berries of Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii, were studied by the circular dichroism (CD) probe. According to the CD spectra, monellin has a low content of the helical structure and a significant amount of the pleated sheet (beta) conformation. The native conformation was found to be sensitive to alkali, sodium dodecyl sulfate, and guanidine-HC1, but it was stable in acid (e.g. pH 2.4) as shown by CD and persistence or the disappearance of sweet taste. The main chain conformation of the alkali-denatured monellin (pH 10.9) was restored upon acidification (pH 3.3) of the alkaline solutions. The tertiary structure, however, was not completely restroed, as indicated by CD in the 230-300 nm spectral zone, although the sweet taste reappeared. If the pH of a neutral solution was raised to 9.6, the CD in the near ultraviolet was significantly altered, though the sweet taste persisted. This indicates that a slight conformational change did not interfere with the effects on the taste buds. While sodium dodecyl sulfate readily disorganized the tertiary structure, the main chain was reconstructed by this reagent into a new form of higher helix content than in the native m...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations6


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Molecular Helix
Taste Sweet
Ethanol Measurement
Taste Perception
Helix (Snails)
Macromolecular Alteration
Acidification - ActCode
Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.