Sep 28, 1976

Conformational transitions of monellin, an intensely sweet protein

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
B Jirgensons

Abstract

Conformational transitions of monellin, an intensely sweet protein from the berries of Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii, were studied by the circular dichroism (CD) probe. According to the CD spectra, monellin has a low content of the helical structure and a significant amount of the pleated sheet (beta) conformation. The native conformation was found to be sensitive to alkali, sodium dodecyl sulfate, and guanidine-HC1, but it was stable in acid (e.g. pH 2.4) as shown by CD and persistence or the disappearance of sweet taste. The main chain conformation of the alkali-denatured monellin (pH 10.9) was restored upon acidification (pH 3.3) of the alkaline solutions. The tertiary structure, however, was not completely restroed, as indicated by CD in the 230-300 nm spectral zone, although the sweet taste reappeared. If the pH of a neutral solution was raised to 9.6, the CD in the near ultraviolet was significantly altered, though the sweet taste persisted. This indicates that a slight conformational change did not interfere with the effects on the taste buds. While sodium dodecyl sulfate readily disorganized the tertiary structure, the main chain was reconstructed by this reagent into a new form of higher helix content than in the native m...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ethanol
Molecular Helix
Taste Sweet
Ethanol Measurement
Taste Perception
Helix (Snails)
Macromolecular Alteration
Acidification - ActCode
Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii
Macromolecule

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