Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and retinoids: searching for an etiology

Pediatric Surgery International
Sandra MontedonicoPrem Puri

Abstract

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a major life-threatening cause of respiratory failure in the newborn. Recent data reveal the role of a retinoid-signaling pathway disruption in the pathogenesis of CDH. We describe the epidemiology and pathophysiology of human CDH, the metabolism of retinoids and the implications of retinoids in the development of the diaphragm and lung. Finally, we describe the existing evidence of a disruption of the retinoid-signaling pathway in CDH.

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Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Pathogenic Aspects
Pathogenesis
Entire Diaphragm
Lung
Signal Transduction Pathways
Respiratory Failure
Etiology
Diaphragmatic Hernia
Retinoids

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