Congenital duodenal obstruction: a 32-year review
Although survival in infants with congenital intestinal obstruction has improved, duodenal obstruction continues to present unique challenges. One hundred thirty-eight newborns and infants (aged 0 to 30 days) were treated for congenital duodenal obstruction. Sixty-five were boys and 73 were girls. Sixty-one (45%) were premature. Forty-six had an intrinsic defect (atresia, web, stenosis, or duplication), 64 had an extrinsic defect (annular pancreas or malrotation with congenital bands), while 28 had various combinations of these. Presenting signs included vomiting (90%, bilious in 66%), abdominal distention (25%), dehydration (24%), and weight loss (17%). Although plain film abdominal x-ray was diagnostic in 58%, upper and/or lower gastrointestinal contrast studies were obtained in 71% of infants to confirm diagnosis. Thirty-eight percent of patients had associated anomalies, including Down's syndrome (11%), cardiac defects, other atresia, other trisomy syndrome, imperforate anus, and central nervous system anomalies. Fourteen patients (10%) had 3 or more other anomalies, many of which required additional surgical therapy. The operative repair of the various defects included Ladd's procedure for malrotation (31%), duodenoduodeno...Continue Reading
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