Congenital heart disease infant death rates decrease as gestational age advances from 34 to 40 weeks

The Journal of Pediatrics
James CnotaRichard F Ittenbach

Abstract

To describe congenital heart disease death rates in infants born between 34 and 40 weeks, estimate the relationship between gestational age and congenital heart disease infant death rates, and compare congenital heart disease death rates across 1- and 2-week intervals in gestational age. The 2000 to 2003 national linked birth/infant death cohort datasets were obtained. Congenital heart disease deaths were identified by using International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision codes. Proportional death rates were calculated by using congenital heart disease deaths and all live births. The relationship between congenital heart disease death rates and gestational age was determined. Death rates were compared across intervals. A total of 14.9 million records were analyzed. Congenital heart disease deaths occurred in 4736 infants (0.04%) born between 34 and 40 weeks. There was a significant, negative linear relationship between congenital heart disease death rate and gestational age (R(2) = 0.97). Comparisons across 1-week intervals varied (P = .02-.23). All 2-week intervals were statistically significant (P < .01). Congenital heart disease death rates decrease as gestational age approaches 40 weeks. These results sh...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Data Interpretation, Statistical
Gestational Age
Congenital Heart Defects
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Incidence Studies
Congenital Abnormality
Birth
Cessation of Life
Heart Diseases
Congenital Disorders

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