Jun 22, 1999

Connexin45, a major connexin of the rabbit sinoatrial node, is co-expressed with connexin43 in a restricted zone at the nodal-crista terminalis border

The Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry : Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
S R CoppenN J Severs

Abstract

The pacemaker of the heart, the sinoatrial (SA) node, is characterized by unique electrical coupling properties. To investigate the contribution of gap junction organization and composition to these properties, the spatial pattern of expression of three gap junctional proteins, connexin45 (Cx45), connexin40 (Cx40), and connexin43 (Cx43), was investigated by immunocytochemistry combined with confocal microscopy. The SA nodal regions of rabbits were dissected and rapidly frozen. Serial cryosections were double labeled for Cx45 and Cx43 and for Cx40 and Cx43, using pairs of antibody probes raised in different species. Dual-channel scanning confocal microscopy was applied to allow simultaneous visualization of the different connexins. Cx45 and Cx40, but not Cx43, were expressed in the central SA node. The major part of the SA nodal-crista terminalis border revealed a sharply demarcated boundary between Cx43-expressing myocytes of the crista terminalis and Cx45/Cx40-expressing myocytes of the node. On the endocardial side, however, a transitional zone between the crista terminalis and the periphery of the node was detected in which Cx43 and Cx45 expression merged. These distinct patterns of connexin compartmentation and merger ident...Continue Reading

  • References29
  • Citations62

References

  • References29
  • Citations62

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Sinoatrial Node
GJA5 gene
GJA1 gene
GJC1 gene
Muscle Cells
Sinoatrial Block
Connexins
Gja5 protein, human
Immunocytochemistry
GJC1 protein, human

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Coronavirus Protein Structures

Deciphering and comparing the proteins of different coronaviruses forms a basis for understanding SARS-CoV-2 evolution and virus-receptor interactions. This feed follows studies analyzing the structures of coronavirus proteins, thereby revealing potential drug target sites.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

ALS: Stress Granules

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cytoplasmic protein aggregates within motor neurons. TDP-43 is an ALS-linked protein that is known to regulate splicing and storage of specific mRNAs into stress granules, which have been implicated in formation of ALS protein aggregates. Here is the latest research.

Fusion Oncoproteins in Childhood Cancers

This feed explores the function of fusion oncoproteins in specific childhood cancers, including those from racial/ethnic minority and underserved groups, and to provide preclinical assessment of potential therapeutics and how fusion oncoproteins influence gene expression to perturb normal cellular programs to block lineage differentiation and development

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the highly regulated process that physically separates daughter and mother cells in late mitosis. The mitotic-exit network (MEN), the signalling pathway that drives mitotic exit, directly regulates cytokinesis. Discover the latest research on mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis here.

DNA Replication Origin

DNA replication is initiated as specific gene sequences, called origins, that function to start DNA replication. Pre-replication complexes are assembled at these origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These sequences allow for targeted activation or deactivation of replication. Discover the latest research on DNA replication origins here.