Consciousness, accessibility, and the mesh between psychology and neuroscience

The Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Ned Block


How can we disentangle the neural basis of phenomenal consciousness from the neural machinery of the cognitive access that underlies reports of phenomenal consciousness? We see the problem in stark form if we ask how we can tell whether representations inside a Fodorian module are phenomenally conscious. The methodology would seem straightforward: Find the neural natural kinds that are the basis of phenomenal consciousness in clear cases--when subjects are completely confident and we have no reason to doubt their authority--and look to see whether those neural natural kinds exist within Fodorian modules. But a puzzle arises: Do we include the machinery underlying reportability within the neural natural kinds of the clear cases? If the answer is "Yes," then there can be no phenomenally conscious representations in Fodorian modules. But how can we know if the answer is "Yes"? The suggested methodology requires an answer to the question it was supposed to answer! This target article argues for an abstract solution to the problem and exhibits a source of empirical data that is relevant, data that show that in a certain sense phenomenal consciousness overflows cognitive accessibility. I argue that we can find a neural realizer of th...Continue Reading


Mar 1, 1979·Perception & Psychophysics·G W McConkie, D Zola
Aug 11, 1978·Science·E H Adelson
Aug 1, 1976·Acta Psychologica·P Demkiw, C F Michaels
Sep 1, 1992·Canadian Journal of Psychology·J K O'Regan
Feb 1, 1991·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A, Human Experimental Psychology·J R HanleyN A Pearson
Apr 1, 1988·Annals of Emergency Medicine·R A Lowe
Oct 1, 1985·Perception & Psychophysics·G M Long
May 1, 1970·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology·G R Engel
Mar 1, 1980·Journal of Experimental Psychology. General·Vincent Di Lollo
Jun 1, 1983·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·J ZihlN Mai
Mar 1, 1980·Perception & Psychophysics·M Coltheart
Apr 1, 1980·Experimental Neurology·T SpiroP A Young
Mar 1, 1993·Memory & Cognition·M C Potter
Apr 29, 1998·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·S Zeki, D H Ffytche
May 8, 1998·Cognitive Psychology·G R Loftus, D E Irwin
Nov 25, 1998·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S DehaeneJ P Changeux
Dec 4, 1998·Science·G Tononi, G M Edelman
Dec 17, 1998·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·R LlinásC Pedroarena
Feb 18, 1999·Cerebral Cortex·D A Pollen
Aug 17, 1999·Consciousness and Cognition·S Zeki, A Bartels
Apr 19, 2000·Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience·Z Kourtzi, N Kanwisher
May 20, 2000·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·M D HauserL B Hauser
Aug 5, 2000·Consciousness and Cognition·J Prinz
Feb 13, 2001·Cognition·J Driver, P Vuilleumier
Feb 13, 2001·Cognition·N Kanwisher
Feb 13, 2001·Cognition·D Dennett
Feb 15, 2001·Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience·K M O'Craven, N Kanwisher
Mar 7, 2001·Science·J W de FockertN Lavie
Apr 3, 2001·Annual Review of Neuroscience·S Zeki
Oct 18, 2001·Neuron·A C HukD J Heeger
Jan 15, 2002·Nature Neuroscience·Lawrence WeiskrantzIona Hodinott-Hill

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Jan 16, 2014·Cognitive Neurodynamics·Steven Ravett Brown
Jan 24, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Tristan A BekinschteinLionel Naccache
Apr 12, 2012·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·David Rosenthal
Apr 12, 2012·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Bert TimmermansAxel Cleeremans
Jun 2, 2012·Philosophy and Phenomenological Research·Nicholas Shea
Aug 30, 2008·Annual Review of Psychology·Carroll E Izard
Jun 5, 2010·Nonlinear Biomedical Physics·Arvid Lundervold
Mar 18, 2009·PloS One·Martin Graziano, Mariano Sigman
Mar 8, 2011·PloS One·Regina Gregori-GrgičClaudio de'Sperati
Dec 5, 2012·PloS One·Annelinde R E VandenbrouckeVictor A F Lamme
Nov 26, 2009·Attention, Perception & Psychophysics·Ezequiel MorsellaJohn A Bargh
Mar 19, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Antonino RaffoneCees van Leeuwen
Mar 19, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Antonino RaffoneCees van Leeuwen
Mar 19, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Bert WindeyAxel Cleeremans
Aug 1, 2009·Neural Plasticity·Birgitta Dresp-Langley, Jean Durup
Jan 1, 2013·ISRN Neuroscience·Giorgio A Ascoli
Jun 12, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·George A Mashour, Michael T Alkire
Jun 4, 2013·Experimental Brain Research·Jeremy R GrayEzequiel Morsella
Sep 19, 2009·Cognitive Processing·Angela Tagini, Antonino Raffone
Dec 31, 2009·Cognitive Processing·Antonino Raffone, Narayanan Srinivasan
Nov 21, 2015·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Naotsugu TsuchiyaVictor A F Lamme
Mar 19, 2013·Neuropsychologia·Florence Campana, Catherine Tallon-Baudry
Mar 5, 2016·Frontiers in Psychology·Yoshiaki TsushimaToshiya Morita
Jul 17, 2012·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Michael A CohenKen Nakayama
Nov 15, 2011·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Ned Block
Aug 3, 2011·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Michael A Cohen, Daniel C Dennett
Jul 9, 2011·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Hakwan Lau, David Rosenthal
Dec 15, 2010·Consciousness and Cognition·Berit Brogaard
Dec 15, 2010·Consciousness and Cognition·Philippe Rochat
Jul 8, 2010·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Sid KouiderEmmanuel Dupoux
Jun 15, 2010·Consciousness and Cognition·Margaret T LynnEzequiel Morsella
Apr 13, 2010·Consciousness and Cognition·Antonino Raffone, Martina Pantani
Apr 8, 2010·Consciousness and Cognition·Claudia Carrara Augustenborg
Feb 26, 2010·Consciousness and Cognition·Steven B Most
Nov 9, 2015·Consciousness and Cognition·Valtteri Arstila
Dec 17, 2009·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·Mika Koivisto, Antti Revonsuo
Mar 8, 2016·Consciousness and Cognition·Sabrina BhangalEzequiel Morsella
Apr 17, 2009·Consciousness and Cognition·Vincent de GardelleSid Kouider
Apr 21, 2009·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·John-Dylan Haynes
Apr 7, 2009·Consciousness and Cognition·Jakob Hohwy
Mar 10, 2009·Consciousness and Cognition·Henry Railo, Mika Koivisto

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.