Mar 5, 2013

Constitutional mutations in RTEL1 cause severe dyskeratosis congenita

American Journal of Human Genetics
Amanda J WalneI Dokal

Abstract

Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) and its phenotypically severe variant, Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome (HHS), are multisystem bone-marrow-failure syndromes in which the principal pathology is defective telomere maintenance. The genetic basis of many cases of DC and HHS remains unknown. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified biallelic mutations in RTEL1, encoding a helicase essential for telomere maintenance and regulation of homologous recombination, in an individual with familial HHS. Additional screening of RTEL1 identified biallelic mutations in 6/23 index cases with HHS but none in 102 DC or DC-like cases. All 11 mutations in ten HHS individuals from seven families segregated in an autosomal-recessive manner, and telomere lengths were significantly shorter in cases than in controls (p = 0.0003). This group had significantly higher levels of telomeric circles, produced as a consequence of incorrect processing of telomere ends, than did controls (p = 0.0148). These biallelic RTEL1 mutations are responsible for a major subgroup (∼29%) of HHS. Our studies show that cells harboring these mutations have significant defects in telomere maintenance, but not in homologous recombination, and that incorrect resolution of T-loops is a m...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fanconi Anemia
Leukoplakia, Oral
Bloom Syndrome
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Exons
Genome
DNA Repair
Lymphocytes as Percentage of Blood Leukocytes (Lab Test)
Telomere Shortening
Werner Syndrome

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