Sep 1, 1989

"Contact inhibition" of alpha-fetoprotein synthesis and junctional communication in adult mouse hepatocyte culture

Experimental Cell Research
A S GleibermanL M Chailakhjan

Abstract

Synthesis of oncofetal serum protein alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) may be reexpressed in adult differentiated mouse hepatocytes both in regenerating liver and in primary monolayer culture of intact adult liver. We have found that appearance of AFP in these cultures was strongly correlated with the loss of junctional communication between hepatocytes as tested by the dye transfer method. When in hepatocyte culture the gradient of cell density was formed, and the cells in the center of the dense monolayer retained an epithelial morphology and junctional communication and were AFP-negative during 5 days of culture. At the periphery of the monolayer hepatocytes lost junctional communication by the third day of cultivation. They acquired fibroblast-like morphology, formed multilayered sheets, and started to produce AFP. These findings suggest that reexpression of AFP synthesis may be regulated through a process related to "contact inhibition" and junctional communication might play an important role in the phenomenon.

  • References8
  • Citations11

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Liver - Hepatocyte (Mmhcc)
Adherent Culture
Science of Morphology
Serum Proteins
Cell Communication
Cell Differentiation Process
Contact Inhibition
AFP gene
Ofa
Fibroblasts

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