PMID: 6987648Jan 1, 1980Paper

Contacts between Escherichia coli RNA polymerase and an early promoter of phage T7

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
U Siebenlist, W Gilbert

Abstract

Specific contacts between the Escherichia coli RNA polymerase (nucleosidetriphosphate:RNA nucleotidyl-transferase, EC2.7.7.6) and the phosphates and purine bases of the A3 promoter of phage T7 cluster into three regions located approximately 10, 16, and 35 base pairs before RNA initiation site. Two of these contain nucleotide sequences that are fairly conserved among many promoters, known as the "Pribnow box" and "-35 region" homologies; the third, just upstream from the Pribnow box, is not conserved. The polymerase binds preferentially to the coding strand and for the most part touches only one face of the DNA helix.

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Related Concepts

DNA, Viral
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Operon
Orthophosphate
Purines
Transcriptase
Structure-Activity Relationship
T-Phages

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