Nov 1, 1977

Continuous concealed ventricular arrhythmias

The American Journal of Cardiology
R R HopeR Lazzara

Abstract

Twenty dogs were studied 3 to 9 days after myocardial infarction. None had ventricular arrhythmias during sinus rhythm, and ventricular automaticity (as revealed by sinus nodal crush procedure or vagal stimulation, or both) was within the normal range. With regular atrial pacing or pacing with long-short cycle sequences it was possible to induce ventricular arrhythmias in all animals. Quadrigeminal and pentageminal rhythms (19 of 20 dogs) and trigeminal (17 of 20) and bigeminal ventricular rhythms (8 of 20) were observed. These rhythms which were manifest or partially or entirely concealed were always associated with delayed and fractionated electrical activity within the "infarcted" subepicardium. Continuous electrical activity (electrical activity that bridged the interval between two or more successive beats) was recorded from the infarct zone. Such activity either was manifest as ventricular arrhythmia during atrial pacing or remained concealed until atrial pacing was stopped and then was manifest as ventricular tachycardia.

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References

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Left Ventricular Structure
Myocardial Infarction
Atrial Fibrillation
Cardiac Conduction System
Tachycardia, Ventricular
Ventricular Dysfunction
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Tachycardia
Canis familiaris

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