Jul 1, 1982

Continuous ethanol production from Jerusalem artichoke tubers. I. Use of free cells of Kluyveromyces marxianus

Biotechnology and Bioengineering
A Margaritis, P Bajpai

Abstract

The Continuous fermentation of Jerusalem artichoke juice to ethanol by free cells of Kluyveromyces marxianus UCD (FST) 55-82 has been studied in a continuous-stirred-tank bioreactor at 35 degrees C and pH 4.6. A maximum yield of 90% of the theoretical was obtained at a dilution rate of 0.05 h(-1). About 95% of the sugars were utilized at dilution rates lower than 0.15 h(-1). Volumetric ethanol productivity and volumetric biomass productivity reached maximum values of 7 g ETOH/L/h and 0.6 g dry wt/L/h, respectively, at a dilution rate of 0.2 h(-1). The maintenance energy coefficient for K. marxianus culture was found to be 0.46 g sugar/g biomass/h/ Oscillatory behavior was following a change in dilution rate from a previous steady state and from batch to continuous culture. Values of specific ethanol production rate and specific sugar uptake were found to increase almost linearly with the increase of the dilution rate. The maximum specific ethanol production rate and maximum specific sugar uptake rate were found to be 2.6 g ethanol/g/ cell/h and 7.9 sugars/g cell/h, respectively. Washout occurred at a dilution rate of 0.41 h(-1).

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ethanol
Ethanol Measurement
Uptake
Tuber Subdivision of Bone
Jerusalem Artichoke
Genus Tuber (fungus)
Kluyveromyces marxianus
Fermentation
Gastrin-Secreting Cells
Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System

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