Continuous wavelet transform analysis of ERG in patients with diabetic retinopathy.

Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
Hamid AhmadiehSare Safi

Abstract

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) is a stage of the disease that contains morphological and functional disruption of the retinal vasculature and dysfunction of retinal neurons. This study aimed to compare time and time-frequency-domain analysis in the evaluation of electroretinograms (ERGs) in subjects with NPDR. The ERG responses were recorded in 16 eyes from 12 patients with NPDR and 24 eyes from 12 healthy subjects as the control group. The implicit time, amplitude, and time-frequency-domain parameters of photopic and scotopic ERGs were analyzed. The implicit times of b-waves in the dark-adapted 10.0 (P = 0.0513) and light-adapted 3.0 (P = 0.0414) were significantly increased in the NPDR group. The amplitudes of a- and b-wave showed a significantly decreased dark-adapted 10.0 (P = 0.0212; P = 0.0133) and light-adapted 3.0 (P = 0.0517; P = 0.0021) ERG of the NPDR group. The Cohen's d effect size had higher values in the amplitude of dark-adapted 10.0 b-wave (|d|= 1.8058) and amplitude of light-adapted 3.0 b-wave (|d|= 1.9662). The CWT results showed that the frequency ranges of the dominant components in dark-adapted 10.0 and light-adap...Continue Reading

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