Feb 1, 1992

Contractile properties and Ca2+ release activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum in dilated cardiomyopathy

Circulation
A D'AgnoloG Salviati

Abstract

We performed a comparative study on Ca2+ release activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and calcium sensitivity of contractile apparatus of chemically skinned myocardial fibers obtained from four nonfailing human hearts and 13 excised hearts from patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Ca2+ sensitivity of contractile apparatus was studied by following the isometric tension developed by chemically skinned myocardial fibers challenged with solutions of decreasing pCa. Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum was monitored indirectly by measurement of the isometric tension developed by skinned fibers challenged with caffeine. We observed no significant difference of Ca2+ sensitivity and cooperativity between normal myocardium (pCa50 = 6.00 +/- 0.05; Hill coefficient, nHill = 2.07 +/- 0.10) and dilated cardiomyopathy (pCa50 = 6.03 +/- 0.07; nHill = 2.72 +/- 0.30) when the fibers were stretched to 130% of the resting length. We also found that both in normal myocardium and dilated cardiomyopathy, stretching to 150% of the resting length increased the Ca2+ sensitivity of the contractile system; pCa50 = 6.21 +/- 0.01 and 6.13 +/- 0.04 in normal and dilated cardiomyopathy, respectively, whereas in dilated cardiomyopathy there ...Continue Reading

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  • Citations34

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Cardiomyopathy, Familial Idiopathic
Myocardial Contraction
DRUG Screen Quant Caffeine
Pathogenic Aspects
CA2 gene
Calcium [EPC]
Pathogenesis
Calcium
Quick-Pep
Contraction (Finding)

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