Dec 14, 2006

Contractile properties of various histaprodifen derivatives in guinea pig isolated ileum and trachea

Pharmacology
Bernard ChristopheRoy Massingham

Abstract

We characterized the histamine H(1) receptor agonism of various histaprodifen derivatives in guinea pig isolated ileum and trachea in comparison with histamine. Based on their affinity (calculated pK(A) values for ileum and trachea, respectively), the compounds were ranked as follows: suprahistaprodifen (8.31/8.08) > N(alpha)-(4-phenylbutyl)histaprodifen (7.22/5.93) >or= histamine (5.79/5.19) approximately methylhistaprodifen (5.57/6.07). Based on their efficacy (calculated tau values for ileum and trachea, respectively), the compounds were ranked as follows: methylhistaprodifen (37.67/2.50) > histamine (5.64/1.80) > suprahistaprodifen (1.63/1.42) >or= N(alpha)-(4-phenylbutyl)histaprodifen (0.083/1.54). In the ileum, histamine and methylhistaprodifen showed a high histamine H(1) receptor reserve while suprahistaprodifen and N(alpha)-(4-phenylbutyl)histaprodifen are devoid of any histamine H(1 )receptor reserve. On the trachea, no histamine H(1 )receptor reserve was demonstrable with the four tested agonists. The kinetic of contraction/relaxation of the ileum was faster with histamine and methylhistaprodifen than with suprahistaprodifen and N(alpha)-(4-phenylbutyl)histaprodifen. Histamine contracted the trachea faster than hista...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Derivatives
Structure-Activity Relationship
Cavia
Piperazines
Ileum
Contraction (Finding)
Trachea
Smooth Muscle
Tracheomalacia

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