Apr 15, 2020

Contrasting effects of chronic lithium, haloperidol and olanzapine exposure on synaptic clusters in the rat prefrontal cortex

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
E. F. HalffAnthony C Vernon

Abstract

The pathophysiology of the majority of neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia and mood disorders, involves synaptic dysfunction and/or loss, manifesting as lower levels of several presynaptic and postsynaptic marker proteins. Whether chronic exposure to antipsychotic drugs may contribute to this pattern of synaptic loss remains controversial. In contrast, the mood stabiliser lithium has shown to exhibit neurotrophic actions and is thought to enhance synapse formation. Whilst these data are not unequivocal, they suggest that antipsychotic drugs and lithium have contrasting effects on synapse density. We therefore investigated the effect of chronic exposure to lithium and to two different antipsychotics, haloperidol and olanzapine, on presynaptic Synaptic Vesicle glycoprotein 2A (SV2A) and postsynaptic Neuroligin (NLGN) clusters in the rat frontal cortex. Chronic exposure (28 days) to haloperidol (0.5 mg/kg/d) or olanzapine (7.5 mg/kg/d) had no effect on either SV2A or NLGN clusters and no overall effect on synaptic clusters. In contrast, chronic lithium exposure (2 mmol/L eq./d) significantly increased NLGN cluster density as compared to vehicle, but did not affect either SV2A or total synaptic clusters. These data ...Continue Reading

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Study
Isolation Aspects
Dysequilibrium Syndrome
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Genetic Linkage
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