Mar 7, 2020

Contribution of phenoloxidase activation mechanism to Bt insecticidal protein resistance in Asian corn borer

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Sivaprasath PrabuKanglai He


Phenoloxidase (PO) is a crucial enzyme in the Arthropods melanization process, in which synthesized melanin rapidly acts at the site of injury and infection. In this study, we observed significant changes in humoral and cellular responses after exposing susceptible and resistant strains to a sub-lethal concentration of Cry1Ah toxin. Based on STRING v 11.0 computational protein-protein interaction analysis, we selected seven immune genes namely Prophenoloxidase PPO1b, PP03, Serpin-3, Serpin-5, Beta-1,3-glucan recognition protein, Immulectin-3 and Serine protease SP105 reported in Asian corn borer. Quantitative real-time PCR gene expression studies showed Cry1Ah resistant strain had higher expression of PPO1b, PP03, Serpin-3, Beta-1,3-glucan recognition protein, Immulectin-3 and Serine protease SP105 genes in midgut and hemocyte samples. This study also investigated and found that the level of prophenoloxidation (proPO) activity in Cry1Ah resistant strains was significantly higher than susceptible strains. Cry1Ah toxin significantly increased the resistant strain's immune responses, the difference was observed through assays of bacterial agglutination and phagocytosis. Additionally, immune response induced by Cry1Ah toxin influen...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Zea mays
Drug Resistance
Serine Proteases
Induction of Bacterial Agglutination
Traumatic Injury
Phenoloxidase A

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Coronavirus Protein Structures

Deciphering and comparing the proteins of different coronaviruses forms a basis for understanding SARS-CoV-2 evolution and virus-receptor interactions. This feed follows studies analyzing the structures of coronavirus proteins, thereby revealing potential drug target sites.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

ALS: Stress Granules

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cytoplasmic protein aggregates within motor neurons. TDP-43 is an ALS-linked protein that is known to regulate splicing and storage of specific mRNAs into stress granules, which have been implicated in formation of ALS protein aggregates. Here is the latest research.

Fusion Oncoproteins in Childhood Cancers

This feed explores the function of fusion oncoproteins in specific childhood cancers, including those from racial/ethnic minority and underserved groups, and to provide preclinical assessment of potential therapeutics and how fusion oncoproteins influence gene expression to perturb normal cellular programs to block lineage differentiation and development

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the highly regulated process that physically separates daughter and mother cells in late mitosis. The mitotic-exit network (MEN), the signalling pathway that drives mitotic exit, directly regulates cytokinesis. Discover the latest research on mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis here.

DNA Replication Origin

DNA replication is initiated as specific gene sequences, called origins, that function to start DNA replication. Pre-replication complexes are assembled at these origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These sequences allow for targeted activation or deactivation of replication. Discover the latest research on DNA replication origins here.