DOI: 10.1101/514661Jan 8, 2019Paper

Contribution of pretomanid to novel regimens containing bedaquiline with either linezolid or moxifloxacin and pyrazinamide in murine models of tuberculosis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jian XuEric L Nuermberger

Abstract

Novel regimens combining bedaquiline and pretomanid with either linezolid (BPaL regimen) or moxifloxacin and pyrazinamide (BPaMZ regimen) shorten the treatment duration needed to cure TB in BALB/c mice compared to the first-line regimen and have yielded promising results in initial clinical trials. However, the independent contribution of the investigational new drug pretomanid to the efficacy of BPaMZ has not been examined and its contribution to BPaL has been examined only over the first 2 months of treatment. In the present study, the addition of pretomanid to BL increased bactericidal activity, prevented emergence of bedaquiline resistance, and shortened the duration needed to prevent relapse with drug-susceptible isolates by at least 2 months in BALB/c mice. Addition of pretomanid to BMZ resulted in a 1 log10 greater CFU reduction after 1 month of treatment and/or reduced the number of mice relapsing in each of 2 experiments in BALB/c mice and in immunocompromised nude mice. Bedaquiline-resistant isolates were found at relapse in only one BMZ-treated nude mouse. Treatment of infection with a pyrazinamide-resistant mutant in BALB/c mice with BPaMZ prevented selection of bedaquiline-resistant mutants and reduced the proporti...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Clinical Trials
Lung
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Laboratory mice
Mice, Nude
Pneumonia
Pyrazinamide
Treatment Protocols
Tuberculosis
Moxifloxacin

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Antitubercular Agents

Antitubercular agents are pharmacologic agents for treatment of tuberculosis. Discover the latest research on antitubercular agents here.

Antitubercular Agents (ASM)

Antitubercular agents are pharmacologic agents for treatment of tuberculosis. Discover the latest research on antitubercular agents here.