Contribution of respiratory muscle blood flow to exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue in trained cyclists

The Journal of Physiology
Ioannis VogiatzisSpyros Zakynthinos

Abstract

We investigated whether the greater degree of exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue previously reported in highly trained athletes in hypoxia (compared with normoxia) could have a contribution from limited respiratory muscle blood flow. Seven trained cyclists completed three constant load 5 min exercise tests at inspired O(2) fractions (FIO2) of 0.13, 0.21 and 1.00 in balanced order. Work rates were selected to produce the same tidal volume, breathing frequency and respiratory muscle load at each FIO2 (63 +/- 1, 78 +/- 1 and 87 +/- 1% of normoxic maximal work rate, respectively). Intercostals and quadriceps muscle blood flow (IMBF and QMBF, respectively) were measured by near-infrared spectroscopy over the left 7th intercostal space and the left vastus lateralis muscle, respectively, using indocyanine green dye. The mean pressure time product of the diaphragm and the work of breathing did not differ across the three exercise tests. After hypoxic exercise, twitch transdiaphragmatic pressure fell by 33.3 +/- 4.8%, significantly (P < 0.05) more than after both normoxic (25.6 +/- 3.5% reduction) and hyperoxic (26.6 +/- 3.3% reduction) exercise, confirming greater fatigue in hypoxia. Despite lower leg power output in hypoxia, neith...Continue Reading

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Citations

May 19, 2011·Journal of Sports Sciences·Ioannis VogiatzisDimitrios Athanasopoulos
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Related Concepts

Metabolic Acidosis
Anoxemia
Bicycling (Recreational Activity)
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Respiratory Diaphragm
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test
Respiratory Muscles
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