Mar 1, 1976

Contribution of tissue acidosis to ischemic injury in the perfused rat heart

J R WilliamsonB Safer


The isolated perfused working rat heart preparation has been used to study the effects of respiratory acidosis on myocardial metabolism and contractilly. Hearts were perfused with 5 mM glucose and 10(-2) U/ml of insulin in order to enhance metabolsim of glucose relative to that of fatty acids. After perfusion with Krebs bicarbonate medium at pH 6.6, hearts rapidly ceased performing external work and peak left ventricular pressure fell by 75% after 5 minutes. Oxygen consumption, rate of ATP generation and overall glycolytic flux also declined rapidly. After about 2 minutes of perfusion, the fall of glycolytic flux showed a partial reversal, which was largely accounted for by increased lactate production, so that glucose oxidation decreased further. The reversal of glycoltic flux could be accounted for by partial release of H+ inhibition of phospho-fructokinase by increased tissue levels of adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and P1 and decreased levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and creatine phosphate. The increased proportion of glucose uptake converted to lactate together with an increase of the tissue lactate/pyruvate ratio could be accounted for by inhibition of the malate-aspartate cycle combi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Coronary Circulation
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Calcium [EPC]
Body Parts - Cannula
Specimen Type - Cannula

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