Feb 1, 1976

Control of differentiation in streptomycetes: involvement of extrachromosomal deoxyribonucleic acid and glucose repression in aerial mycelia development

Journal of Bacteriology
P A RedshawB M Pogell

Abstract

When Streptomyces alboniger spores were grown in Hickey-Tresner broth containing 5 muM ethidium bromide, a high frequency of permanently cured aerial mycelia-negative (am-) colonies was recovered. The appearance an am- colonies was time dependent: a very low frequency (0.3%) at zero time, a maximum (9 to 21%) after 2 to 5 days of growth, and a decline again to low frequencies later in the growth cycle. On agar, cured am- colonies of S. alboniger still produced puromycin. The development of aerial mycelia in S. alboniger, S. scabies, and S. coelicolor was also sensitive to glucose repression. Colonies grown on Hickey-Tresner agar containing 2% glucose remained phenotypically am- throughout the observation period. Adenine (2.5 mM or greater), and to a lesser extent adenosine and guanosine, specifically reversed the repression. The accumulation of undissociated organic acids appears to be involved in glucose repression of aerial mycelia formation. However, this does not appear to be the case with puromycin production in S. alboniger; glucose repression was observed over the pH range 5.0 to 7.5.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Guanosine
Organic acids, Gynecological
Novidium
Depression, Chemical
Adenosine
Streptomyces coelicolor
Agar
Spores, Bacterial
Reproduction Spores
Puromycin Dihydrochloride

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