Jul 12, 2005

Control of root cap formation by MicroRNA-targeted auxin response factors in Arabidopsis

The Plant Cell
Jia-Wei WangXiao-Ya Chen

Abstract

The plant root cap mediates the direction of root tip growth and protects internal cells. Root cap cells are continuously produced from distal stem cells, and the phytohormone auxin provides position information for root distal organization. Here, we identify the Arabidopsis thaliana auxin response factors ARF10 and ARF16, targeted by microRNA160 (miR160), as the controller of root cap cell formation. The Pro(35S):MIR160 plants, in which the expression of ARF10 and ARF16 is repressed, and the arf10-2 arf16-2 double mutants display the same root tip defect, with uncontrolled cell division and blocked cell differentiation in the root distal region and show a tumor-like root apex and loss of gravity-sensing. ARF10 and ARF16 play a role in restricting stem cell niche and promoting columella cell differentiation; although functionally redundant, the two ARFs are indispensable for root cap development, and the auxin signal cannot bypass them to initiate columella cell production. In root, auxin and miR160 regulate the expression of ARF10 and ARF16 genes independently, generating a pattern consistent with root cap development. We further demonstrate that miR160-uncoupled production of ARF16 exerts pleiotropic effects on plant phenotyp...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Exertion
Cap Formation
Arabidopsis
Auxins
Cell Division
ARF10 protein, Arabidopsis
RNA, Small Temporal
Thyroid Hormone Plasma Membrane Transport Defect
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
Plant bulb

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