Jul 26, 2002

Control of the endotracheal cuff balloon pressure as a method of preventing laryngotracheal lesions in critically ill intubated patients

Revista española de anestesiología y reanimación
C GranjaL Góis


To study the development of tracheal stenosis after endotracheal intubation, percutaneous tracheotomy or both; to assess risk factors for tracheal stenosis and the relation of risk to endotracheal cuff pressure. A prospective study enrolling patients sustaining endotracheal intubation longer than 8 hours and/or undergoing percutaneous tracheotomy. Cuff pressure was recorded at the moment of intubation and every 8 hours thereafter; a ceiling of 25 mm Hg was targeted. The patients were examined 6 months after discharge. Sixteen percutaneous tracheotomies were performed in the 95 patients enrolled (58 men, 37 women). The mean age was 54.1 +/- 19.7 years. The mean APACHE II score for all patients was 16.3 +/- 7.7 and the mean intubation time was 7.3 +/- 11 days, whereas the respective means for patients undergoing percutaneous tracheotomy were 18.4 +/- 7.6 and 20.5 +/- 19 days. Six months after discharge, 55 patients were examined for laryngotracheal lesions by fiberoptic endoscopy. Twenty-three of the remaining patients had died, 7 were lost to follow-up and 10 were only interviewed by telephone. Fiberoptic laryngotracheal endoscopy revealed minimal scarring and reduction of the endotracheal lumen. Reduction of the lumen was obser...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Care of Intensive Care Unit Patient
Endoscopy (Procedure)
Entire Lumen of Body System
Tracheal Stenosis
Intubation, Intratracheal

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