PMID: 41200Nov 1, 1979

Controlled intravenous bicarbonate and fetal-maternal acid-base balance. I. The primipara

Obstetrics and Gynecology
E CaspiD Modai


The effects of a controlled sodium bicarbonate (SB) infusion on the acid-base balance of the primiparous mother and fetus at labor and delivery were evaluated. Two identical groups of primiparas with normal labor and delivery were studied. According to acid-base parameters observed in the mothers and fetuses of a control group, the pharmacologic dynamics, and the space of distribution of SB, 2 mEq/1 kg of total body weight were administered to the mothers of the study group, beginning at a cervical dilation of 6 cm until full dilation occurred. Highly significant changes in pH, base excess (BE), and plasma bicarbonate were observed in both the mothers and fetuses. In the latter, the significant changes appeared after a time lag of about 2 hours. No adverse effects in the mothers and fetuses were observed. The significant reduction of the relative fetal acidosis by the controlled SB infusion justifies further studies on the therapy potentials of this method in high-risk deliveries and during intrapartum fetal distress.

Related Concepts

Evaluation of Acid-base Balance
Base Excess Measurement
Fetal Distress
Labor (Childbirth)
Pathological Dilatation
Carbonic Acid Ions
Skull Base Neoplasms
Adverse Effects
Sodium Bicarbonate

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.