May 20, 2018

CoNVaQ: a web tool for copy number variation-based association studies

BMC Genomics
Simon Jonas LarsenJan Baumbach

Abstract

Copy number variations (CNVs) are large segments of the genome that are duplicated or deleted. Structural variations in the genome have been linked to many complex diseases. Similar to how genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have helped discover single-nucleotide polymorphisms linked to disease phenotypes, the extension of GWAS to CNVs has aided the discovery of structural variants associated with human traits and diseases. We present CoNVaQ, an easy-to-use web-based tool for CNV-based association studies. The web service allows users to upload two sets of CNV segments and search for genomic regions where the occurrence of CNVs is significantly associated with the phenotype. CoNVaQ provides two models: a simple statistical model using Fisher's exact test and a novel query-based model matching regions to user-defined queries. For each region, the method computes a global q-value statistic by repeated permutation of samples among the populations. We demonstrate our platform by using it to analyze a data set of HPV-positive and HPV-negative penile cancer patients. CoNVaQ provides a simple workflow for performing CNV-based association studies. It is made available as a web platform in order to provide a user-friendly workflow fo...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Genome-Wide Association Study
Twitter Messaging
Study
Biochemical Pathway
Human Papillomavirus
Scientific Study
Penile Neoplasms
DNA Copy Number Changes
Genome

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