Nov 3, 2018

Convergent evolution in Arabidopsis halleri and Arabidopsis arenosa on calamine metalliferous soils

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Veronica PreiteLevi Yant

Abstract

It is a plausible hypothesis that parallel adaptation events to the same environmental challenge should result in genetic changes of similar or identical effects, depending on the underlying fitness landscapes. However, systematic testing of this is scarce. Here we examine this hypothesis in two closely related plant species, Arabidopsis halleri and Arabidopsis arenosa, which co-occur at two calamine metalliferous sites harbouring toxic levels of the heavy metals zinc and cadmium. We conduct individual genome resequencing alongside soil elemental analysis for 64 plants from 8 populations on metalliferous and non-metalliferous soils, and identify genomic footprints of selection and local adaptation. Selective sweep and environmental association analyses indicate a modest degree of gene as well as functional network convergence, whereby the proximal molecular factors mediating this convergence mostly differ between site pairs and species. Notably, we observe repeated selection on identical SNPs in several A. halleri genes at two independently colonized metalliferous sites. Our data suggest that species- specific metal handling and other biological features could explain a low degree of convergence between species. The parallel es...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Arabidopsis halleri
Genome
Genes
Environment
Metals, Heavy
Calamine
Cadmium Measurement
Metals
Androsace halleri
Site

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