Convolutional Neural Networks with Template-Based Data Augmentation for Functional Lung Image Quantification

Academic Radiology
Nicholas J TustisonKun Qing


We propose an automated segmentation pipeline based on deep learning for proton lung MRI segmentation and ventilation-based quantification which improves on our previously reported methodologies in terms of computational efficiency while demonstrating accuracy and robustness. The large data requirement for the proposed framework is made possible by a novel template-based data augmentation strategy. Supporting this work is the open-source ANTsRNet-a growing repository of well-known deep learning architectures first introduced here. Deep convolutional neural network (CNN) models were constructed and trained using a custom multilabel Dice metric loss function and a novel template-based data augmentation strategy. Training (including template generation and data augmentation) employed 205 proton MR images and 73 functional lung MRI. Evaluation was performed using data sets of size 63 and 40 images, respectively. Accuracy for CNN-based proton lung MRI segmentation (in terms of Dice overlap) was left lung: 0.93 ± 0.03, right lung: 0.94 ± 0.02, and whole lung: 0.94 ± 0.02. Although slightly less accurate than our previously reported joint label fusion approach (left lung: 0.95 ± 0.02, right lung: 0.96 ± 0.01, and whole lung: 0.96 ± 0....Continue Reading


Sep 7, 2020·Magnetic Resonance in Medicine : Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine·Corin WillersPhilipp Latzin
Feb 27, 2021·Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy·Helen MarshallJim M Wild
Apr 21, 2021·The British Journal of Radiology·Joshua R AstleyBilal A Tahir
Apr 29, 2021·Scientific Reports·Nicholas J TustisonBrian B Avants
Sep 25, 2019·Radiology. Artificial Intelligence·Bradley J Erickson

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Related Papers

Conference Proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Mohammadreza NegahdarDavid Beymer
Conference Proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Nazanin TahmasebiKumaradevan Punithakumar
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved