Nov 24, 2006

Coregulator exchange and sphingosine-sensitive cooperativity of steroidogenic factor-1, general control nonderepressed 5, p54, and p160 coactivators regulate cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-dependent cytochrome P450c17 transcription rate

Molecular Endocrinology
Eric B DammerMarion B Sewer

Abstract

Transcription of the cytochrome P450 17 (CYP17) gene is regulated by cAMP-dependent binding of steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) to its promoter in the adrenal cortex. Using temporal chromatin immunoprecipitation and mammalian two-hybrid experiments, we establish the reciprocal presence of coactivators [general control nonderepressed (GCN5), cAMP response element-binding protein-binding protein, p300, p300/cAMP response element-binding protein-binding protein CBP associated factor, p160s, polypyrimidine tract associated splicing factor, and p54(nrb)], corepressors (class I histone deacetylases, receptor interacting protein, nuclear receptor corepressor, and Sin3A), and SWI/SNF (human homolog of yeast mating type switching/sucrose nonfermenting) and imitation SWI chromatin remodeling ATPases on the CYP17 promoter during transcription cycles in the H295R adrenocortical cell line. A ternary GCN5/SRC-1/SF-1 complex forms on the CYP17 promoter with cAMP-dependence within 30 min of cAMP stimulation, and corresponds with SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling. This complex is sensitive to the SF-1 antagonist sphingosine and results in decreased transcription of CYP17. GCN5 acetyltransferase activity and carboxy terminus binding proteins alternative...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

EP300 protein, human
Cyclic AMP-Responsive DNA-Binding Protein
Co-Repressor Proteins
NR5A1 gene
EP300 gene
Cell Cycle Proteins
Adenosine
Nuclear Matrix Binding Proteins
Adenosine Triphosphatases
NR5A1 protein, human

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