Corepressor interaction differentiates the permissive and non-permissive retinoid X receptor heterodimers

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Johanna LammiPiia Aarnisalo


Nurr1 is an orphan nuclear receptor regulating transcription both as a monomer and as a heterodimer with retinoid X receptor (RXR). RXR-Nurr1 heterodimers are permissive RXR heterodimers as they activate transcription in response to RXR ligands. In contrast, heterodimers formed by RXR and retinoic acid receptor (RAR) are non-permissive as they activate transcription only upon RAR ligand binding. We studied the mechanism mediating permissiveness and non-permissiveness by creating receptor chimeras between Nurr1 and RAR. We show that the amino-terminal part of the Nurr1 ligand binding domain conveys permissiveness to RXR-Nurr1 heterodimers. This region is involved in interactions with the corepressors SMRT and NcoR. The corepressors were released from RXR-Nurr1 heterodimers by RXR ligand binding. In contrast, RXR ligand increased the interaction between RXR-RAR heterodimers and the corepressors. The corepressors were released only upon binding of RAR ligand. In conclusion, corepressor interaction differentiates the permissive RXR-Nurr1 heterodimers from the non-permissive RXR-RAR heterodimers.


Jun 29, 2011·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·Urs Albrecht
Apr 28, 2011·Neurobiology of Learning and Memory·Susan C McQuown, Marcelo A Wood
Oct 25, 2011·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·Marcia I Dawson, Zebin Xia
Sep 13, 2018·Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology·Miguel MoutinhoGary E Landreth
Apr 4, 2019·Medicinal Research Reviews·Nathalia Rodrigues de Almeida, Martin Conda-Sheridan
Jul 22, 2018·Archives of Toxicology·Stephanie KimJennifer J Schlezinger
Nov 27, 2020·Haematologica·Orsola Di MartinoJohn S Welch
Jul 13, 2021·Journal of Medicinal Chemistry·Sabine WillemsDaniel Merk
May 2, 2015·Chemical Research in Toxicology·Amelia H BakerJennifer J Schlezinger
Nov 7, 2018·Environmental Science & Technology·Ana M F CapitãoL Filipe C Castro

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.