PMID: 7204169Sep 1, 1980Paper

Coronary blood flow in conscious miniature swine during +GZ acceleration stress

Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
M H LaughlinE F Jones

Abstract

One of the factors determining tolerance to +GZ acceleration may be the ability to maintain adequate coronary blood flow. Consequently, the purpose of these studies was to determine the effect of acute exposure (60 s) to several levels of positive acceleration (+GZ) on total and regional coronary blood flow in conscious adult miniature swine. Blood flow was measured with the radiolabeled microsphere technique in chronically instrumented miniature swine during 60-s exposures to accelerations of +3 GZ, +5 GZ, or +7 GZ with anti-G suit support. All levels of acceleration stress caused two- to threefold increases in coronary blood flow. The regional distribution of coronary blood flow during +GZ was similar to that under resting control conditions as long as aortic diastolic pressure was maintained. All left ventricular endocardial/epicardial flow ratios were significantly greater than one, except in two animals, during exposure to +7 GZ. These were the only animals to have aortic diastolic pressures less than 100 Torr during +GZ stress. These studies indicate that, if an animal is able to compensate and maintain a cardiovascular steady State, coronary blood flow will remain adequate for myocardial needs. However, if decompensation...Continue Reading

Citations

Jun 6, 2016·The Journal of Physiological Sciences : JPS·Yasuhiro NishidaHidetake Yokoe

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
M H LaughlinF M Loxsom
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
M H LaughlinR N Whittaker
Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
M H LaughlinR N Whittaker
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved