PMID: 6972749Jul 1, 1981

Coronary bypass for relief of persistent pain following acute myocardial infarction

The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
E L JonesC R Hatcher


Between January, 1976, and April, 1980, 116 patients had urgent myocardial revascularization for clinical instability within 30 days of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Group 1 (8 patients) had coronary bypass grafting within 24 hours of acute MI; Group 2 (20 patients) had coronary bypass grafting 2 to 7 days after acute MI; and Group 3 (88 patients) had coronary bypass grafting 8 to 30 days after infarction. Indications for operation were persistent or recurrent pain (81%), pain plus ventricular arrhythmias (12%), and pain plus compelling anatomy. The incidence of single-vessel, triple-vessel, and left main coronary artery disease was 28%, 31%, and 12%, respectively. There were no hospital deaths in the series. The incidence of inotropic requirements, postoperative intraaortic balloon pumping, ventricular arrhythmias, and perioperative infarction was higher in patients operated on within 7 days of acute MI than for patients having coronary bypass grafting after this time. There have been 5 late deaths during a mean follow-up of 14 months. Actuarial survival was 97% at 18 months. Seventy-one percent of patients are presently pain free. Graft patency was 84% in 17 patients recatheterized after coronary bypass grafting and in 14...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Angina Pectoris
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Coronary Heart Disease
Cardiac Catheterization Procedures
Left Ventricular Structure
Myocardial Infarction

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