Coronary reserve of high- and low-flow regions in the dog heart left ventricle

R LoncarA Deussen


Left ventricular myocardial blood flow is spatially heterogeneous. The hypothesis we tested was whether myocardial areas with a steady-state flow <0.5 times mean flow are underperfused and areas with flow > 1.5 times mean flow are overperfused. In anesthetized beagle dogs (n=10), the relationship between local blood flow versus S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) concentration, a measure of the free intracellular adenosine concentration, and lactate, a measure of the myocardial NADH/NAD+ ratio, were determined under control conditions and after coronary constriction. Control local myocardial blood flow was 0.99+/-0.46 mL x min(-1) x g(-1), with a coefficient of variation of 0.36+/-0.12 (n=256 per heart; sample wet mass, 125+/-30 mg). Tissue concentrations of SAH (3.4+/-2.5 nmol/g) and lactate (1.88+/-0.80 micromol/g) were not elevated in low-flow samples. However, after coronary artery constriction, poststenotic blood flow decreased from 1.00+/-0.27 to 0.49+/-0.22 mL x min(-1) x g(-1) (P<0.04), with significant correlation between local SAH and flow (r=-0.59) and lactate and flow (r = -0.50). Although nearly all samples from control high-flow regions showed increased SAH concentrations if relative flow after stenosis was <1.0, control...Continue Reading


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