Cortical activation related to arm-movement combinations

Muscle & Nerve. Supplement
Martin J McKeown

Abstract

Recent studies support the long-standing hypothesis that continuous arm movements consist of overlapping, discrete submovements. However, the cortical activation associated with these submovements is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that electroencephalography (EEG) activity would more strongly correspond to the particular combinations of muscle electrical activity, the independent components (ICs) of surface electromyography (EMG), than the surface EMG from individual muscles alone. We examined data recorded from two normal subjects performing sustained submaximal contractions or continual, unpaced repetitive movements of the arm. Independent component analysis (ICA) was used to determine the ICs of the multichannel EMG recordings (EMGICs). ICA was also used to calculate the coupling between the simultaneously recorded EEG and the EMG from a single muscle (Subject 1) or the EMGICs (Subject 2). The EMGICs were either tonic or phasic. The significant couplings between the EEG and the EMGICs were different for each EMGIC. The distribution on the scalp of the coupling between the EEG and tonic EMGICs and those of the single-muscle EMG were similar and followed topographic patterns in sensorimotor regions. Couplings between the EE...Continue Reading

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Citations

Aug 13, 2010·Journal of Medical Systems·Ganesh R Naik, Dinesh K Kumar
Mar 19, 2002·Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology·Martin J McKeownWendy C Gehm
Sep 29, 2011·Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology : Official Journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology·Aiping LiuYong Hu
May 4, 2010·Human Movement Science·Peter D Neilson, Megan D Neilson
Feb 1, 2008·IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering·Junning LiMartin J McKeown

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