DOI: 10.1101/513937Jan 8, 2019Paper

Cortical and Cardiovascular Regulation Support Adaptation to Ambient Sound Environment

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Yu HaoLin Yao


Adaptation in complex biological systems is a consequence of sensitivity to environmental changes. We investigate how responses intensity and speed to unattended background sound changes are influenced by the interaction of external (pitch sequence context) and internal factors (biological regulation). Cortical responses (electroencephalograph Mismatch Negativity) demonstrated increased intensity and prolonged latency in unattended pitch changes in the context of the ascending pitch sequence compared with the descending pitch sequence. Moreover, ascending pitch context is associated with more activation of anterior cingula cortex and insula, suggesting arousal effect and internal regulation. However, the intensified and prolonged responses were supported by cortical and cardiovascular biomarkers for regulation respectively. These findings suggest that biological regulation may be associated with environmental context and play different roles in response sensitivity in terms of intensity and speed.

Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cerebral Cortex
Insula of Reil
Biological Regulation
Regulation of Biological Process
Response (Communication)

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