Oct 1, 1989

Cortical responses to speech sounds and their formants in normal infants: maturational sequence and spatiotemporal analysis

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
G P NovakH G Vaughan

Abstract

Cortical auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) to the synthesized syllables [da[ and [ta[ and to the isolated 3 formants of [da[ were obtained from 32 normal infants studied at monthly intervals from birth through 3 months and at 6 months of age. A bilateral array of 16 electrodes referenced to the mid-occiput permitted a topographic analysis of the cortical AEPs at selected latencies. A differential maturational sequence was seen: a predominantly negative cortical AEP wave form became positive, first over the frontocentral region (around term), and then over the temporal region (at 1-2 months). The timing of these electrophysiological changes coincides with a differential anatomical maturational sequence in the auditory cortex, as myelination and synaptogenesis are more advanced in primary than secondary auditory areas at term. All infants in this study followed this developmental sequence. However, there was no systematic effect of the center frequency of the formant stimuli on the maturational level of their respective cortical AEPs, suggesting a relative maturational equivalence in those regions of auditory cortex responding to stimuli across the frequency range present in human speech. In term infants, an initial midline posit...Continue Reading

  • References66
  • Citations11

References

  • References66
  • Citations11

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Entire Scalp
Syllable
Reaction Time
Temporal Region
Scalp Structure
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Midline Cell Component
Infant Development
Ambidexterity
Auditory Evoked Potentials

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