Cosolvent flushing for the remediation of PAHs from former manufactured gas plants.

Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
P S BirakC T Miller

Abstract

Cosolvent flushing is a technique that has been proposed for the removal of hydrophobic organic contaminants in the subsurface. Cosolvents have been shown to dramatically increase the solubility of such compounds compared to the aqueous solubility; however, limited data are available on the effectiveness of cosolvents for field-contaminated media. In this work, we examine cosolvent flushing for the removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soil from a former manufactured gas plant (FMGP). Batch studies confirmed that the relationship between the soil-cosolvent partitioning coefficient (K(i)) and the volume fraction of cosolvent (f(c)) followed a standard log-linear equation. Using methanol at an fc of 0.95, column studies were conducted at varying length scales, ranging from 11.9 to 110 cm. Removal of PAH compounds was determined as a function of pore volumes (PVs) of cosolvent flushed. Despite using a high f(c), rate and chromatographic effects were observed in all the columns. PAH effluent concentrations were modeled using a common two-site sorption model. Model fits were improved by using MeOH breakthrough curves to determine fitted dispersion coefficients. Fitted mass-transfer rates were two to three orders of m...Continue Reading

References

Jul 10, 2002·Journal of Contaminant Hydrology·Dermont C Bouchard
Jun 5, 2004·Journal of Hazardous Materials·K SogaT H Illangasekare
Oct 1, 2005·Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry·Marta T Lukasewycz, Lawrence P Burkhard
Mar 25, 2009·Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry·Lihua LiuTorsten C Schmidt
Dec 18, 2010·Environmental Science & Technology·Stephen D RichardsonMichael D Aitken
Jun 1, 1994·Environmental Science & Technology

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