PMID: 37342May 7, 1979

Coupled transport of protons and anions through lipid bilayer membranes containing a long-chain secondary amine

The Journal of Membrane Biology
J Gutknecht, A Walter


Transport of protons and halide ions through planar lipid bilayers made from egg lecithin and a long-chain secondary amine (n-lauryl [trialkylmethyl] amine) in n-decane was studied. Net proton fluxes were measured with a pH electrode, and halide fluxes were measured with 82Br- and 36Cl-. In membranes containing the secondary amine, a large net proton flux was produced either by a Br- gradient with symmetrical pH or by a pH gradient with symmetrical Br-, but not by a pH gradient in Br--free solutions. This H+ flux was electrically silent (nonconductive), and the H+ permeability coefficient was greater than 10(-3) cm sec-1 in 0.1 M NaBr. In Br--free solutions, H+ selectivity was observed electrically by measuring conductances and zero-current potentials generated by H+ activity gradients. The permeability coefficient for this ionic (conductive) H+ flux was about 10(-5) cm sec-1, several orders of magnitude smaller than the H+ permeability of the electroneutral pathway. Large electroneutral Br- exchange fluxes occurred under symmetrical conditions, and the permeability coefficient for Br- exchange was about 10(-3) cm sec-1 at pH 5. The one-way Br- flux was inhibited by substituting SO4= for Br- on the "trans" side of the membrane....Continue Reading


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Chloride Ion Level
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