Aug 4, 1976

Coupling in secondary transport. Effect of electrical potentials on the kinetics of ion linked co-transport

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
P Geck, E Heinz

Abstract

In a previous paper kinetic equations of secondary active transport by cotransport have been derived. In the present paper these equations have been expanded by including the effect of an electrical potential difference in order to make them applicable to the more realistic systems of secondary active transport driven by the gradients of Na+ or H+. Thermodynamically an electrical potential difference is as a driving force fully exchangeable with an equivalent chemical potential difference. This is not necessarily so for the kinetics of co-transport. It is not always the same whether a given difference in electrochemical activity of the driver ion is mainly osmotic, i.e. due to difference in concentration, or electric, i.e. due to a difference in the electrochemical activity coefficient. In most cases a difference in concentration is more effective in driving co-transport than is an equivalent difference in electrical potential leading to the same difference in electrical activity. The effectiveness of the latter highly depends on the model, whether it is of the affinity type or of the velocity type, but also on whether the loaded or the unloaded carrier bears an electrical charge. With the same electrical potential difference c...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Plasma Membrane
Mathematics
Electrochemistry

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