Mar 1, 1996

Craniofacial morphology in twins with cleft lip and palate

The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association
T LaatikainenR Nordström

Abstract

The craniofacial morphology of 11 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) and 28 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) Finnish twins, discordant or concordant for cleft of the lip (CL), unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), or cleft palate only (CP) were investigated by means of lateral cephalometric radiographs. The results were compared to those of age-, sex-, and cleft-type matched single-birth cleft subjects, and also with normative data from the Nordic population. The co-twins with no cleft lip or palate (NONC) showed only slightly more obtuse gonial and steeper mandibular angles compared to normative data. Twins with CL, UCLP or CP had a more retrusive mandible, a wider cranial base and mandibular angle, and a wider angle between the maxilla and mandible than did the single-birth cleft subjects. Comparison of the noncleft twin group with the CL, UCLP, and CP twin groups for the CL twins showed no significant differences. For the UCLP twins, a more retrusive and down- and backward rotation of both jaws, a wider gonial angle, and a wider cranial base angle was seen. The CP twins had their maxillae slightly retrusive, the down- and backward rotation of both jaws was apparent, and the gonial angle was more obtuse. A comparison between the noncleft MZ ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cleft Palate, Isolated
Craniometry
Diseases in Twins
Maxillofacial Development
Nested Case-Control Studies
Cleft Lip
Cleft Palate

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