Craniofacial morphometric variation and the biological history of the peopling of Sardinia

Homo : internationale Zeitschrift für die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen
Giuseppe D'AmoreEmanuele Sanna

Abstract

The aim of this work is to explore the pattern of craniofacial morphometric variation and the relationships among five prehistoric Sardinian groups dated from Late Neolithic to the Nuragic Period (Middle and Late Bronze Age), in order to formulate hypotheses on the peopling history of Sardinia. Biological relationships with coeval populations of central peninsular Italy were also analysed to detect influences from and towards extra-Sardinian sources. Furthermore, comparison with samples of contemporary populations from Sardinia and from continental Italy provided an indication of the trend leading to the final part of the peopling history. Finally, Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic samples were included in the analyses to compare the prehistoric Sardinians with some of their potential continental ancestors. The analysis is based on multivariate techniques including Mahalanobis D(2) distance, non-parametric multidimensional scaling (MDS) and principal component analysis (PCA). The results showed the tendency to progressive differentiation between Sardinian groups and peninsular Italian groups, with the possible exception of a discontinuity showed by the Bonnànaro (Early Bronze Age) Sardinian sample. Several aspects of the morpho...Continue Reading

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Citations

May 20, 2011·Genes and Immunity·R KosoyM F Seldin
Jan 27, 2012·Homo : internationale Zeitschrift für die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen·Emanuele SannaAlessandro De Micco
Mar 28, 2016·Homo : internationale Zeitschrift für die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen·M SariguV Pusceddu
Sep 18, 2014·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Rachael M Byrd
Mar 4, 2017·Scientific Reports·Alessandra ModiSilvia Ghirotto

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