PMID: 19166Sep 1, 1977

Creatine kinase: re-examination of optimum reaction conditions

Clinical Chemistry
L G Morin


I have re-examined optimum reaction conditions for measurement of creatine kinase (EC The optimum pH is 6.45, and 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2,2',2''-nitrotriethanol acetate, 200 mmol/liter, is the buffer of choice. Thioglycerol, 20 mmol/liter, is superior for both in-assay reactivation and for storage stability of sera. Fluoride, 25 mmol/liter, a broad inactivator of adenylate kinase (EC, has little effect on creatine kinase and is superior to AMP for adenylate kinase inhibition in the assay of creatine kinase. Magnesium ion, ADP, and buffer concentrations are interdependent and their optima must be determined together. The hexokinase/glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity ratio should not exceed 1.6. The range of linearity is limited by the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and NAD+ concentrations. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, ADP, and NAD+ are the constituents most likely to result in unacceptable blanks. Creatine kinase is inhibited noncompetitively by anions: acetate and fluoride inhibit slightly, but sulfates, nitrates, and excessive chlorides should be avoided.

Related Concepts

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