Jan 1, 1976

Credibility ratings for desensitization and pseudotherapy among moderately and mildly snake-avoidant college students

Journal of Clinical Psychology
F D McGlynn, R Walls

Abstract

Twenty moderately avoidant and 20 mildly avoidant Ss were chosen as though they were to participate in a snake-avoidance desensitization experiment. After relaxation training, Ss listened to a taped excerpt of either desensitization or pseudotherapy and responded to a 5-item questionnaire that assessed the credibility of the treatment. Mildly avoidant Ss rated desensitization as more credible than pseudotherapy. The implication of this finding is that a great many experimental studies of systematic desensitization have failed to control satisfactorily for the operation of expectancy effects and nonspecific forms of behavioral influence.

  • References22
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References

  • References22
  • Citations2

Mentioned in this Paper

Relaxation Techniques
Tape Recording
Phobia, Social
Psychological Desensitization Therapy
Attitude
Placebos
Snakes
Receptor Desensitization
Behavior Therapy

About this Paper

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