Mar 28, 2020

CRISPR-CaS9 Genome Interrogation: A Facilitated Sub-Diffusive Target Search Strategy

The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Diljith Thonnekottu, Debarati Chatterjee

Abstract

The functional application of RNA-guided CRISPR associated Cas9 protein, a bacterial immune system-based protein complex via which in vivo, highly specific, and well regulated, gene editing processes are being monitored at an unprecedented level, has led to a remarkable progress in genetic engineering and technology. The complicated in vivo process of genome interrogation followed by gene editing by the Cas9 complex was recently captured by Knight et al. [Science, 350, 825, 2015] by an elegant single-particle tracking method aided by the two-photon Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopic (FCS) technique. In contrast to the usually observed fast target searching and protein binding event in biophysical systems, an interesting slow genome interrogation process by the RNA-guided CRISPR-Cas9 system through a crowded chromatin environment of a mammalian cell has been revealed in Knight et al.'s study. Motivated by this experiment, in this paper, we provide a generalized theoretical framework to capture this particular target searching mechanism of the CRISPR-Cas9 protein complex. We show that an analysis on the basis of 3D sub-diffusion under a cylindrical volume, created by several non-specific off-target interactions from the DNA s...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Three-dimensional
Gene Targeting
In Vivo
Environment
Study
Cylinder (Shape)
CRISPR-Associated Protein Complex Proteins
RNA, Guide
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
Mammalian Cell

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