PMID: 3917360Jan 1, 1985

Critical evaluation of the role of nutritional support with chemotherapy

R T Chlebowski


Although weight loss has an adverse impact on cancer patient survival, the ability of caloric provision via total parenteral nutrition (TPN) to favorably influence outcome in chemotherapy-treated populations is not established. In randomized trials, no significant improvement in either response or survival was associated with TPN addition to chemotherapeutic treatment of adult patients with lymphoma, sarcoma, colon cancer, adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma of the lung, or testicular carcinoma. In two instances, TPN addition was associated with decreased survival, again raising the concern that caloric support in the absence of effective antitumor therapy might stimulate cancer growth. In any event, the hypothesis that nutritional repletion of a malnourished cancer patient receiving chemotherapy will improve clinical outcome remains to be critically tested, as studies demonstrating sequential improvement in lean body mass have not been reported. Most recently, consideration of potential mechanisms underlying the development of cancer cachexia has led to new strategies for nutritional intervention. For example, hypogonadism or low testosterone levels have been described in male patient populations with advanced cancer and c...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Antineoplastic Agents
Clinical Trials
Combined Modality Therapy
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Primary Hypogonadism
Malignant Neoplasms
Dietary Requirements
Parenteral Nutrition

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