Crop-sac response after systemic and intraventricular administration of neuroleptic drugs

G NisticóU Scapagnini


Present experiments were aimed at studying in pigeons the effects of some neuroleptic agents given systemically or into the 3rd cerebral ventricle on PRL secretion and following morphological changes of the crop-sac mucosa both by classical histological methods and scanning electron microscopy. In addition, such changes were also evaluated on the basis of a semiquantitative method using a 1-4 rating scale. 3- or 5-day systemic treatment with reserpine, haloperidol and (ł/-)-sulpiride produced an intense crop-sac response consisting of a marked epithelial hyperplasia and presence of milk-like material. Similarly, a much lower dose of haloperidol, clozapine, and the two enantiomers of sulpiride given into the 3rd cerebral ventricle for 3 consecutive days produced a marked crop-sac response. The l-sulpiride was more active in comparison to the d-enantiomer. In conclusion, present experiments show that, similarly to mammals, in pigeons neuroleptic drugs are able to stimulate prolactin secretion and suggest that these effects are mediated through an action at the hypothalamic and/or pituitary level by removing a tonic dopaminergic inhibition.

Related Concepts

Avian Crop
Injections, Intraventricular
Columba livia
Antipsychotic Effect

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